Fishmeal Compositions


Composition
Values
(Possible Range)
Proximate Composition:     Crude Protein (min. %)
    Fat (max. %)
    Moisture (max. %)
    Ash (max. %)
    FFA (max. %)
    Salt & Sand (max. %)
    Sand Alone (max. %)
    Digestibility (0.2% Pepsin)
    Digestibility (0.0002% Pepsin)
    TVN (mg/kg)
    Histamine (ppm)
    Rumen Undegradability
    NEL (Mcal/LB)
    Antioxidant (min. ppm)
  60 - 70
  7.6 - 15.0
  7.0 - 11.0
  13.0 - 18.9
  7.5 - 12.0
  2.5 - 5.0
  0.5 - 2.0
  97.0 - 97.6
  88.0 - 94.0
  100 - 150
  250 - 1000
  70.0
  0.7
  100 - 250
Amino Acids % Of Sample:
# Essential NonEssential
    Alanine -C3H7NO2
    Arginine -C6H14N4O2
    Aspartic Acid -C4H7NO4
    Cystine -C6H12N2O4S2
    Glutamic Acid -C5H9NO4
    Glycine -C2H5NO2
    Histidine -C6H9N3O2
    Hydroxyproline -C4H8NCOOH
    Isoleucine -C6H13NO2
    Leucine -C4H9CH(NH2)COOH
    Lysine -C6H14N2O2
    Methionine -C5H11NO2S
    Phenylalanine -C6H5CH2CH(NH2)COOH
    Proline -C4H8NCOOH
    Serine -CH2OHCH(NH2)COOH
    Taurine -C2H7NO3S
    Threonine -C4H9NO3
    Tryptophan -C11H12N2O2
    Tyrosine -C9H11NO3
    Valine -C5H11NO2
  4.0 - 4.6
  3.9 - 4.4
  5.8 - 6.4
  0.6 - 0.7
  8.3 - 9.2
  4.3 - 5.4
  1.7 - 2.0
  0.9 - 1.3
  2.7 - 3.0
  4.6 - 5.1
  5.1 - 5.6
  2.0 - 2.3
  2.6 - 2.8
  3.0 - 3.5
  2.4 - 2.7
  0.3 - 0.6
  2.7 - 3.0
  0.6 - 0.7
  2.0 - 2.2
  3.1 - 3.5
Micro And Macro Minerals:     Aluminium (ppm)
    Barium (ppm)
    Boron (ppm)
    Calcium (%)
    Chromium (ppm)
    Copper (ppm)
    Iron (ppm)
    Magnesium (%)
    Manganese (ppm)
    Phosphorus (%)
    Potassium (%)
    Selenium (ppm)
    Sodium (%)
    Strontium (ppm)
    Zinc (ppm)
  774.4 - 922.2
  14.3 - 19.7
  4.5 - 5.1
  4.6 - 5.7
  4.0 - 4.1
  4.7 - 7.8
  851.9 - 658.5
  0.2
  45.2 - 49.6
  3.0 - 3.3
  0.7 - 1.1
  1.7 - 2.0
  0.5 - 0.8
  65.3 - 78.8
  92.9 - 110.5
Vitamins, mg/lb., 
Literature Values:
    a-Tocopherol (IU/#)
    Biotin
    Choline
    Folic Acid
    Niacin
    Pantothenic Acid
    Vitamin B12
    Vitamin B1 - Thiamine
    Vitamin B2 - Riboflavin
    Vitamin B6 - Pyridoxine
  9.5
  0.1
  1360.0
  0.1
  25.0
  4.0
  0.1
  0.3
  2.2
  2.7

Histidine  - C6H9N3O2
Important for the growth and repair of tissues.

Leucine  - C4H9CH(NH2)COOH
Derived from the hydrolysis of protein by pancreatic enzymes during digestion and necessary for optimal growth in infants and children and for the maintenance of nitrogen balance in adults.

Lysine  - C6H14N2O2
Derived from the hydrolysis of proteins and required by the body for optimum growth.

Methionine  - C5H11NO2S
Obtained from various proteins or prepared synthetically and used as a dietary supplement and in pharmaceuticals.

Phenylalanine  - C6H5CH2CH(NH2)COOH
That occurs as a constituent of many proteins and is normally converted to tyrosine in the human body. It is necessary for growth in infants and for nitrogen equilibrium in adults.

Threonine  - C4H9NO3
That is derived from the hydrolysis of protein and is an essential component of human nutrition.

Tryptophan  - C11H12N2O2
Formed from proteins during the digestive process by the action of proteolytic enzymes.

Valine  - C5H11NO2

Arginine  - C6H14N4O2
Obtained from the hydrolysis or digestion of plant and animal protein.

Proline  - C4H8NCOOH
That is found in most proteins and is a major constituent of collagen(The fibrous protein constituent of bone, cartilage, tendon, and other connective tissue. It is converted into gelatin by boiling.)

Taurine  - C2H7NO3S
Formed by the hydrolysis of taurocholic acid and found in the fluids of the muscles and lungs of many animals.

Tyrosine  - C9H11NO3
That is derived from the hydrolysis(Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water, such as the dissociation of a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose.) of proteins such as casein(A white, tasteless, odorless protein precipitated from milk by rennin.) and is a precursor of epinephrine(A hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that is released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress, as from fear or injury. It initiates many bodily responses, including the stimulation of heart action and an increase in blood pressure, metabolic rate, and blood glucose concentration. Also called adrenaline), thyroxine(An iodine-containing hormone, that increases the rate of cell metabolism and regulates growth and that is made synthetically for treatment of thyroid disorders.), and melanin(Any of a group of naturally occurring dark pigments, especially the pigment found in skin, hair, fur, and feathers.).


Typical fishmeal use in poultry rations
                            % composition
Chick rearing                up to 3%
Broiler                             2-5%
Layer                                2%
Breeder                           1-5%
Turkey                           3-10%
Pheasant/game                3-7%